Rom 3:21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
Rom 3:22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
with a people who had been lost in sin but redeemed, following, and worshipping Him of their own voluntary actions.
2. When God So Acted as to Permit Sin (as He certainly did), That Specific Act Cannot Be Considered as Wrong or Unwise but in Fact, Somehow, Necessary for His Eternal Purpose.
It is not within our capability or station in life to assign sin to the responsibility of God, nor is it our task to protect God from those that would assign sin to His actions. It is enough to know that God does not take the responsibility for any man’s sin, from Adam all the way to us today. James 1:13, 14 are the clearest verses in the Bible that speak to the responsibility of sin as being attributed to man’s own efforts. Yes, Gen. 3:1‑6, shows us the first sin and the temptations of the Devil upon Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden. The direct responsibility must be applied to Adam, the first creature. Man wants to set the standard of what constitutes sin, and when it begins, but notice Matt. 5:28.
The book of Job must be read in its entirety before we really understand what is taking place in that book. Job, in the first 2 chapters, does not charge God foolishly with being responsible for the treatment that he is getting, but before God speaks to him, and before the book is done, he condemns the day that he was born and places it all at the Father’s responsibility. And although God speaks of him as a righteous man, by the time chapter 42 is given to us, we see that Job has come to understand that it was not God who caused his problems, but that God only allowed them to come his way. It was Satan who tempted him and it was Job who took an active part in the temptation as we do today.
3. The Explicit Reason for the Permission of Sin Has Never Been Exposed to Us in the Scriptures.
Is it necessary for God to tell us all that He intends to do with this old world before we will stand behind Him? Do we have to give our permission before we will back His right to do whatever He wills? Matt. 20:15, gives Him the right to do anything He wishes. Why must He answer to us? Can you imagine a father explaining to his children his reasons for doing things, so that they will give Him permission to do them? It happens today because psychologists have control of social matters and have turned the world into corruption.
4. Consequently What Specifically Justified the Permission of the Origin of Evil or What Justifies the Permission of Its Continuance Have Both NOT Been Disclosed in the Scriptures.
All that there is necessary to know about the subject has not been revealed to us in the scriptures, therefore we need to guard against going beyond that which the scriptures tells us. If we stay with the Bible we will be safe. To make God the author of sin would be grossly in error. Isa. 55:8, 9.
There are times when coming to a wrong conclusion is worse than coming to an incomplete conclusion, and setting aside some assumptions, and waiting to understand the scriptures better and thus have more light on the subject. Isa. 55:6, 7.
C. Contributions of Theological Thought.
1. God Desires His Creatures to Posses That Virtue, Which Is the Result of a Voluntary Choice Over Evil.
Why is it that we should use the word voluntary instead of the word “free” choice? Let me quickly say that the word “free” or “freedom” of choice is misunderstood. There is no one, since the time of Adam and Eve in the garden, that has had complete freedom of making a choice without any outward influence upon them. Just being in a fallen state and having the old sin nature as a part of our being makes us recipients to the whims of Satan, and under his influence and control. So we are not free at all but slaves to sin and the Devil. Else you will have to explain John 8:34 from a new perspective. The depravity of the heart is a great influence.
However, we do not want to paint a picture that would make it an impossibility to have VICTORY over sin in the flesh. That victory will not be recognized as such until we are voluntarily involved in the purpose of heart and mind to walk in fellowship with the Lord (born again), and that we actively take a part in the shunning of sin and seeking after the Lord in matters of our conduct.
We have been created as moral‑agents, and as such we have the potential to evil. Again we do not use the term “free moral agent”, which I think is a misnomer, but the word moral-agent. No one is entirely free; either the new nature and the Holy Spirit influence us, or the Devil, the world, or our own sinful lusts influence us at every choice we make. Josh. 24:14-15, notice the choices were not uninfluenced in the context. This illustration is normally wrongfully used.
To not have any ability to make voluntary choices would make us to be machine-like beings under the direct command of someone else, and no moral agency at all. It is only the scope of our freedom or voluntary ability that we have to realize. Adam and Eve were able to make both spiritual and non‑spiritual choices in life, basically uninfluenced at the point of creation because of the nature of their creation. But from the time the first prohibition was placed upon them and the instruction toward obedience, there was an influence toward the positive and then Satan came to influence them toward the negative.
2. God Desired the Specific Value of REDEEMED Beings, Through Which the Love and Grace of God Could Be Exemplified.
You cannot have a redeemed being unless there has been a fall, and there could not be a fall until there was a permission of sin. Remember the first understanding that a man has of the love and grace of God is at the Cross of Calvary. It cannot be understood any other way than a person be lost in sin and the Lord save his soul. That Cross is the exhibition of the love of God toward those He came to save. Every person who will be in glory with the Lord for all eternity will be a redeemed person who was lost in sin but found by the Lord by grace. Lk. 19:10.
3. It Has Been Said That the Permission of Sin Into the World Was for the Instruction of Angels. Eph. 3:10.
There may well be other verses that could give one the impression that much is done just to instruct the powers and principalities in heavenly places, but there is a flaw in that. Christ is far above all principalities in heavenly places whether they will acknowledge it or not. It does not matter whether those principalities and powers ever agree with Christ or God, He is still in control. So that alone is not valid.
What is valid is that it is the intent that God should show His wisdom to all powers and principalities in heavenly places in regard to His purposes for the Church. He designed it, He instituted it, He has given it power to function, and the result is to the glory of God for all eternity, Eph. 3:21. So He shows it off not for the purpose of instruction, but for His glory.
4. It Does Include a Demonstration of the Divine Hating of Sin and Proving That Hatred by Making an Eternal Punishment for Offenders.
It is nearly always the intention of well-minded saints of God to want to communicate a love of God to every one in the hope that all will come to Him; that all will appreciate what was done on the cross of Calvary and thus, acknowledge Him as their Lord and Saviour. However, in attempting to establish a love to all they also them must come to the place of presenting a God who has a hatred toward no one, except His enemy Satan.
But the scriptures tell us that if one is not on the Lord’s side, that one is an enemy of God and under the hatred of God Almighty. We do not want to say any more in this area than the scriptures say: Ps. 5:5, 7:11, 11:5; Ps. 73:20; John 3:18, 36. The Bible must give us the proof in this area.
Let us not go on without looking at the other side for a moment. There is one verse in the Bible which views a person who was unsaved and the Lord speaks and tells the readers He loves him, Mark 10:21. It is the only verse in the New or Old Testament so written. Both Matthew and Luke record the same incident, but neither of them add this little statement concerning a word of love toward this young ruler. The Lord is speaking directly to this young man and not to any multitude or to all men, but the note is an addition after He has spoken His mind to the young man. My own belief is that this young man really is of the elect and thereby in the love of the Lord and in time, though we do not see anything recorded in Scripture, would come to know Him personally. Yet there is no evidence given that he actually came to Christ. There are more verses that say God hates the workers of iniquity, and there are none that say that He loves the workers of iniquity.
(John 3:18) He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
(John 3:36) He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
Two truths are evident by these Scriptures: that the one who does not believe is condemned already, and that the wrath of God abideth upon him. No matter what you want that to say it must be understood that the wrath of God remains, not is placed, upon him. How can the love of God be upon the person to whom God speaks of as wrath remaining upon him? How long does the wrath remain? In the absolute sense it will remain forever.
Rom. 8:7 tells us that we are at enmity with God while the old man rules within. That word enmity is actually the word we understand as “enemy, hatred, hostility, under disfavor, alienation; Col. 1:21”. Matt. 25:41 says that the ungodly will be cast into the lake of fire that was prepared for the Devil and his angels. God hates disobedience and will punish all who are offenders.
5. Sin as to Its Continuance Was Permitted to Take Its Course to Prove Its Awfulness.
God cannot look upon sin. God hates sin. God tells us that sin is an abomination to Him. Deut. 23:25, 26, describes sin as an illustration of something that was an abomination. Sin, a missing of the mark of God’s perfection was an abomination to Him. If you will take a concordance you will find the word “abomination” and if you are interested, you will have a study that will last several hours. It will give you an accurate impression of what God thinks about sin. The word “sin” and “iniquity” also are used numerous times and help to describe for us what God thinks of disobedience. If it is all so bad, then why did God allow it to enter into the world and be such a problem to us? Other questions require answers.
6. Sin Was Permitted to Bring Out the Righteous Judgment of God Against Sin as a Principle, and Against the Offender of It.
The book of I Cor. 15:57 exposes the judgment of God against the very principle of sin. Had God not allowed sin, there would be no redeemed, and the redeemed today would never be able to stand in the victory of and over sin in the person of Christ. It would be something that was hypothetical only. Now, it has been an actual power and sin has held all men in its captivity, and Christ has had the victory over it. The sting of sin is gone. The judgment because of sin as a principle in those that are saved, God’s elect, has been abolished. The Law of God and Judgment have not been abolished for every other person in the world. Rom. 10:4, tells us the difference.
7. Theologians Have Said That There Is a Principle That Evil Needed to Be Brought Out Into an Open Demonstration.
It is said by theologians that unless sin was brought into an open demonstration, and that it was allowed to function as acts of sin and not just a principle of thought, it was only a hypothetical and a potential possibility and could not be judged; now it is judged forever. This is speculation only.
D. Summary Evaluation.
Each of the reasons that we have looked at may have some value and truth connected to them, yet when you put it all together, they do not represent the whole truth nor is it entirely satisfactory. Though it doesn’t satisfy us entirely, we will have to trust the Lord and take the Scripture for God’s final word. He has done all these things without our permission or understanding. We will have to trust Him that His Word is TRUE, and that He reveals Himself as a JUST, RIGHTEOUS and HOLY GOD, and that in all His holiness, righteousness, and justice, He has permitted evil into this world, for His own purposes and His own glory to accomplish His own will.
III. The Fall of Adam.
There are many questions about the fall which we could ask and find that we have some answers, but are not too satisfactory in every aspect. Why did Eve who was created without a fallen nature allow Satan to deceive her? We may turn to all sorts of human contemplation and never come to the real center of the problem. To suggest that this happened because man was a moral-agent and could function voluntarily of the direction of God does not satisfy, for the reason that prior to this there had never been a wrongful act by Adam or Eve.
A. The Basic Aspect.
What actually happened in the fall and how did it develop? Who was responsible and how has it affected mankind ever since that day in the Garden of Eden? Did Adam cause an entire fall upon all men? Did we really sin in Adam? Are we really held responsible by a Holy God for our actions because of the basic creation of Adam?
1. Negative View.
The fall of man as an action was not a turning to holiness or to righteousness, but it was a turning to unholiness, or unrighteousness. We need to place emphasis upon the “to”. It was not a positive act but a negative act, an act of sin that caused the whole thing. Man did not need choose the way of righteousness because he was created in uprightness, Eccl. 7:29. His first choice was away from God and not in keeping with the nature of God’s own being. Every choice man claims should be his to make, will take him farther away from God.
2. Positive View.
It was a turning from holiness and a turning from righteousness. How much easier natural man finds it to turn from the things that are right and good and true, to the things that are on the negative side. It was a deliberate turning to the things that God said they should not do.
Adam chose a deliberate sin and fell in nature and disposition. That act could never be repeated in exactly the same way by anyone else, nor could there be the same results. In other words, one man’s sin made us all sinners and under the judgment of God for that sin. We do not have to sin to become sinful. All descendants of Adam have inherited this sinfulness. We sin as a result of Adam’s first sin. Every human being aside from Christ has proved their relationship back to Adam by their sin. Rom. 5:12.
The Fall Of Adam in the Garden of Eden and Its Result:
All Men From Birth Are Sinners:
The Elect of God
The Way are removed from the slide
Of Sin that goes to the lake of fire.
Refers to all men
The Consequences of sin: the Lake of Fire.
4. To Put It Into Soteriological Terms; It Is to Turn From Holiness and Righteousness to Unholiness and Unrighteousness.
We summarize the actions of what took place in the fall of Adam by the direction of the movement. In order to perform any kind of sin we understand that we are turning away from the Lord. The challenge of the Scriptures is to turn to Christ and away from unrighteousness. Upon regeneration, with the change of heart in salvation, there must be new actions which give evidence of the new standard within our lives, and that change must be made on the inside and not simply as a resolution. You see, a person is not able to look in two directions at the same time. Heb. 12:3. Either you believe this contradiction, or you do not.
B. The Origination of Sin in a Creature That Was Created Positively Holy.
We introduce this passage by using a verse that is familiar to us but we use it to show the before and after aspect of man’s creation and the fall, Eccl. 7:29. In Gen. 1:27, the Lord provides evidence that He made man in His own image (that is after the image of the righteous nature of God). Further, in Gen. 1:31, it says that God viewed the work of His hands after it was done and records for our realization that it was all done to His own perfection, and that it was very good. That statement also included man. He did not create man a sinful creature. God was satisfied with His creation.
1. Adam, as the First Man, Was Created Without Any Flaws of Imperfection, Yet He Committed the First Sin.
In order to view man as he was in creation we must go back to the state of man prior to the fall to see his characteristics and nature. In the perfection of God man was created with moral character and integrity. He was created without sin and had no need to commit, or live in sin. Think with me for a moment: Adam was an exception to all of mankind in that he was a part of that first creation of perfection, created without a fallen nature. Eve, taken from Adam’s rib, was the only other exception , and Adam was responsible for her. After Adam, all his children and posterity were born in sin. Adam who was created without sin, did commit sin. It is an amazing thing, for he was created without an old sin nature. It was not the common thing for him to sin and do that which is contrary to God by nature.
2. Adam Was Created With A Holy Disposition.
In the masterpiece of God, the creation of man God placed within him the ability to walk without sin in this world. Now, notice that we did not say “sinful world”, for no sin had yet touched the world and it was not under the effects and held in the grasp of sin. God brought the first perfect man into this kind of perfect environment, and placed him in a perfect Garden of Eden. There is simply not enough we could say about the condition of holiness of disposition that was the possession of Adam. There was no determination to sin, no inclination to follow the old flesh, and no seduction of the old nature to follow a sinful world.
3. Adam’s Holy Disposition and Perfect Quality Did Not Interfere With the Reality and Liberty of a Perfectly Autonomous Free, Voluntary, Self‑determining Will.
The free-moral agency of man was designed in the image of God, and further allowed man to make choices which were free from outside influence. Man, fallen in nature, is no longer under the same conditions which Adam knew in creation. We emphasize the fact that Adam had a will which was free from the influence of sin and was not affected by any thoughts that were sinful. He was in the state of perfection and innocence in which he was created. He never experientially knew any sin until he disobeyed God’s statement of prohibition.
No man after the fall has an entirely free‑will. It is influenced by the world, Satan, and selfish drives and motivations. He is a voluntary moral agent, in that he has the ability to choose and uses the choice factor every day to determine things in the natural, human, and physical areas of life but he is not uninfluenced in the area of spiritual decisions. He is controlled by the world, the old Devil, and his own selfish motivations, and finds it impossible to make any kind of decision in the spiritual realm because he has no capacity to do so. He is dead spiritually.
Contemporary theology, of religious but lost men, today says: “I am free so don’t tell me what to do, I will decide for myself”. The strongest teaching point, and most consistent common position, of all the religions of the world center on this one fact: they demand the freedom of the will equal to Adam’s, though most would not even admit to the creation of Adam.
4. Adam’s Holy Disposition and Quality of Righteousness Were Essential for a Fair Test of Obedience.
Proof that the self‑determination of Adam was not being interfered with is shown in the matter of obedience which he gave in the garden of Eden, and in his willingness to follow God’s instructions until the event took place in the Garden that involved Eve and the fall. There was no recorded instance of disobedience to the Lord in tending the Garden or in having dominion over all the animals of the earth. He was busy naming all the animals and birds etc. We are always so quick to defend ourselves but Adam had no reason to defend himself, for he had no desire to sin and the quality of his character was such that he could answer all things honestly. Have you noticed that we have so many ways to cover our tracks? We act far more in keeping with the way Adam did after the fall, when he hid himself from God, and when the Lord spoke to him he passes the responsibility of the sin to his wife.
5. The Freeness of the Will of Adam and the Ability of the Choice Factor That He Had Were So Divinely Constituted as to Take Responsibility.
In other words the very nature of his ability to choose the things that he wanted to do, and to merely have the capacity to choose to do something then made him responsible for that action. Adam was a responsible character. Therefore, when God gave the command to leave the fruit of the tree in the center of the garden alone, and he did not, he was a free-moral agent and thus that failure to obey made him responsible to God. Gen. 3, the event that describes the fall of man, tells us very plainly that it was an intellectual decision on the part of Adam and Eve to disobey God. Eve was beguiled, tricked, but Adam was not able to be tricked, for he did know the consequences before the decision to disobey God was made. Gen. 2: 15‑17.”
- a. A Theological Statement Verifying the Fall of Man and Depravity That Followed. Eccl. 7:29.
Solomon acknowledges that God created man upright. Therefore, it must be understood that the original state of a man was “upright” and we could go so far as to say righteous. It far exceeds the state of innocence that is ascribed too frequently. Man had the desire to deviate almost from the beginning of creation. God said that man has sought out many inventions. What are these inventions? The word “inventions” shows us that it comes from the result of the thinking process of the mind that the Lord has given us.
… to think, to mediate, to purpose; seq. acc. to think out, to invent, devise. … Amos vi. 5. … arts, devices: Eccles. vii. 29. … 2 Chron. xxvi. 15, lit. the invention of. 
There are other meanings which give it a rounded thought. In the book of Proverbs this same word takes on the meaning of: thought, counsel, purpose; machinations, device, plot; “witty inventions”. (Prov 8:12) “I wisdom dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions.”
These are designs, plots, and devices that will take man away from the Lord and establish himself as a witty inventor of things that the Lord has not given us to be doing. These are the things that we get involved in when we are not walking by the word of God. Man thinks that inventions are necessarily good, but that is not how it is viewed at all times by the Lord.
There are times when the best for man is not to do whatever he can conceive of in this world, but what the Bible says to do. An illustration would be that God gave man a mandate in Gen. 3 to work the soil and bear the efforts of failure by reason of toil and the multiplication of thistles. It is not wrong to be in a city if God has placed you there, but God laid upon man a consequence for his sin, and that was for him to toil in the ground. Gen. 3:17-19.
By our inventions we have chosen to leave the land and the instructions of the Lord, and have moved into cities as much as Nimrod’s people did in Gen. 11:1-4. They wanted to build a temple that would reach into the heavens, but notice in order to do that they had to gather together and form a great community. What are we trying to do today?
We are tying together huge communities and leaving the land the Lord intended for us to work, and refuse to live where He tells us and how He tells us. Man is too sophisticated to follow the direction of the Lord. It might
 Old Testament Word Studies, William Wilson, page 231.